Common Cattle Breeding practices explained



The biggest challenge confronted by cattle operators is breeding. Whether it is sheep, buffalo, cow, pig, goat, horse, etc. the breeding techniques vary from one region to another. There are many types of breeding practices in cattle, natural and artificial insemination.

Common Cattle Breeding practices


·         Natural breeding is done under random circumstances during the heat period that most last for 12-24 hours and the average gestation period for a cow is 280 days.
·         Artificial insemination involves insemination semen of a superior bull or indigenous breed into the cervix of the native cow through the vagina. The semen is deposited deep into the cervix or at the entrance of the uterus. The semen can be collected from a dull living in a distant place to ensure that certain genetic diseases are controlled. Artificial insemination was introduced at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh.

Embryo transplantation


During the time of ovulation, one ovum is released from an ovary. But with the help of hormone injections, more ova can be produced from either ovaries. Post artificial insemination around 4 to 10 embryos are created simultaneously. Then each is transplanted into a surrogate cow. The fetuses can be preserved for days under frozen condition.

There are different cattle breeds and these include:


·         Milch cow that produces good quality and quantity milk despite the poor quality of bullocks used
·         Drought breed are working cattle and their cows are poor producers of milk
·         General breed is a multipurpose breed where good milk is produced and the bullock are good workers. These are a variety inbetween milch and drought breeds.

Some of the new breeds include:


·         Karan Swiss, created by the National Dairy Research Institure in Kamal, Haryana. This is evolved by breeding the Brown Swiss bull from the US and the Sahiwal cow.
·         Sunandhini is a Kerala breed that is evolved by crossing non-descript cattle with either Jersy, Holestein-Friesian or Brown Swiss.
·         Karan Fries was devised by the National Dairy research Institute in Kamal by breeding Tharparkar and the Holstein Friesian.

Types of Indian Buffaloes


There are different types of Indian buffaloes and the most popular among them include Jaffarabadi, Murrah, Bhadawari, Nili and Surti. The male buffalo in India is used as stud between the age of 3 to 3 ½ years and the female are not breed before the age of 2 ½ to 3 years. The first buffalo calf through artificial insemination was breed at the Allahabad Agricultural Institute in the year 1943.

Reproductive management in cattle starts with evaluation. The performance is evaluated by the body condition scores (BCS). Thin cows during the calving stage take longer time to start estrous cycle and therefore the ability to rebreed is delayed. It is also researched that the as the BCS reduces, the days between one calving and the next results in increased beef cows. BCS Management affects the rebreeding efficiency. The energy and protein requirements increased by 20 to 30% in beef cows once the calving is over.

Read More : Why Raising Grass-Fed Beef Is Preferred by Many Cattle Owners
 

Grass-Fed Meat A Healthier Option?


Is Grass-Fed Beef Really Healthier?


I'm sure you have actually heard about the benefits of Omega-3 a whole lot recently. Which obtains individuals picking wild salmon and also other fish with a high level of Omega-3. Comparable to it is there is a far better kind of Omega-3 available that does not include heavy metals, unlike the fish. Very few individuals are aware of this.

Now, this is one of the healthiest meats for you. As you might have guessed from the title it is grass fed meat I'm speaking around.

There's a lot of individuals out there that assume we shouldn't consume meat at all. Currently, since this is not their natural diet regimen and really undesirable for them it, in turn, makes the meat very harmful for us to eat.

If we go back to how nature planned as well as allow them to consume their typical healthy diet plan the meat after that ends up being extremely healthy and balanced for us. Packed full of top quality protein and an excellent resource of healthy and balanced fats.

If we look at beef, When cows are on this unnatural diet regimen of grains and also soy the fat composition of their meat comes to be higher in inflammatory omega-6 as well as reduced in the even more useful omega-3. Not good taking into consideration omega-6 is method overeaten in the regular modern diet and omega-3 is not eaten enough.

If we placed our cows on a charming green field and allow them to bite away the meat then comes to be higher in omega-3 and reduced in omega-6. An additionally included advantage of this grass-fed meat is it has greater levels of conjugated linoleic acid, CLA for short.

A good stepping stone in the best instructions would be organic meats. Try as well as obtain in touch with a regional farmer and also concern just how the meat is generated there.

Read More : Common Cattle Breeding practices explained