Getting To Know Diseases Spread By Cattles & Their Preventive Measures

Cow Which Affected By Zoonotics Disease in Severe Stage.

Highest Productivity By Learning How To Prevent Zoonotics In This Article.

A disease that can be spread from human to animal and vice versa is called a zoonotic disease. Farms that deal with animals like cattle and poultry are at a high risk of zoonotics. A medical advisor from shared some meaningful and practical advice on how to prevent these diseases from spreading. 
  •    How can zoonotics spread?

An animal or human can acquire a zoonotic disease in several ways. Some of the conventional methods through which they spread are:
o Via oral ingestion.
o Through insect transmission.
o Via air known as an aerosol.
o By direct contact with the disease.
o Through contact with an inanimate object that shelters the infection known as fomite transmission.

  •    What are the common zoonotic diseases?

The number of diseases that come within zoonotics is immense, but there are a few which are highly prevalent. They are:

o Anthrax
o Brucellosis
o Cryptosporidiosis
o Dermatophilosis
o E. coli
o Giardiasis
o Leptospirosis
o Listeriosis
o Pseudocowpox
o Q fever
o Rabies
o Ringworm
o Salmonellosis
o Tuberculosis
o vesicular stomatitis

Image which shows a veterinarian prevents the infection from transferring to animals.

  •    Why do we need to prevent zoonoses?

When we prevent farm animals from being infected:
o They yield more and increase the productivity of the farm.
o They do not infect other animals.
o They do not contaminate the people with whom they come in contact.
The same reasons apply when it comes to preventing humans from infected with zoonoses.

  •    What preventive measures to take for zoonoses?

There are three types of preventive measures – one that prevents the infection from transferring to animals; the second prevents from humans being infected, and the third works on both. This article focuses on how to prevent animals from catching a zoonotic disease. Check this reference to zoonoses control and veterinary public health

To understand the prevention of zoonoses, one has to comprehend how they spread in animals. They can happen if an infected animal comes in touch with another, an animal comes in contact with contaminated substances, the infection is airborne, in food or water; the mother transfers it to the baby animal or via mating.

Ways to Reduce Zoonotic Diseases

o Healthy animals are not in close contact with sick animals.
o Keep separate towels, blankets, saddles, feed bowls, and other equipment for the fit and the infected animals.
o Utilise mosquito repellents in the stables.
o Diseases that spread through mating can be prevented by insemination because they check the sperm for diseases before injecting it into a female animal.

Prevention of zoonotics can be done at various levels and by many methods. The ones described above are the most popular and effective strategies. An example will make it clearer. Ringworm, zoonotic, can infect an animal even through something simple like rope or saddle. Therefore, using cleaning equipment is crucial.

The 2 Biggest Risks On Cattle farms & Their Solution

Herd of cows standing and eating hay in cowshed on dairy farm
Any business that deals with livestock has to consider a number of risks. While the shelter and food for the cattle are the biggest, even tools and machinery need to be kept an eye on. Simple safety measures and routine maintenance can ensure daily operations run seamlessly. When you fail to consider even the tiniest issue, it can trigger a chain reaction that leads to the entire business shutting down. It is why it is necessary to know what are the risks involved with cattle farms and strategize to avoid them.

Farm Safety - Risks and Hazards

In this article, we take a look at the two biggest dangers that come hand in hand with livestock business and the solution to them.

1. Loss of Power

A power failure has been the downfall of many farms. Every cattle farm relies heavily on machinery and equipment to either store a product or preserves it. For instance, dairy farm stores milk in tanks. Loss of power, even for a short duration, equals to a considerable quantity of milk getting spoiled, which means loss of revenue. Did you know that spoilage is the primary concern of all poultry and milk businesses in summers?

How does a cattle farm or any similar business mitigate this risk? The answer lies in power backups with reliable inverter battery dealers. A robust and reliable power backup ensures that when there is no electricity supply, the machines and equipment keep working. Hence, there is no spoilage and therefore, no loss of finances.

Image which showing that the Herd of cows eating hay in cowshed on dairy farm.

2.   Fire
The second biggest threat livestock farms face is fire. Every farm, by its very nature, is highly flammable because it is chock full of straw, hay, etc. All of these substances are akin to kindling to fire. The feed for animals, their bedding, and other debris pile up. Even a small spark to them can start a blazing fire turning the whole farm out of commission. Check this to know how to reduce wildfire risks by using cattle

Ergo, with so many fire hazards around how to make sure that the risk is lessened? Proper and frequent maintenance is the crucial first step. Check all fuel tanks and if they are in disrepair, change them. All electrical equipment used in wet areas should be adequately insulated. Wherever there is a pile of debris, clean it periodically. A haphazard workplace is also a fire hazard; therefore, keep the shelter organised.

Some other areas to consider are:
  • Get rid of rodents that can chew on wires and cause a fire.
  • No equipment should be overheated.
  • Spontaneous combustion of hay 
The risk connected to cattle farms is not limited to fire and power loss. There are many, many more, but these two should be the chief concern, especially no electricity supply. Be prepared for them.

Read More : Diet Of Cows- It’s not That Simple

Diet Of Cows- It’s not That Simple

Unless you have worked on a farm or a ranch, it is highly unlikely that you will be aware of the things cows eat. A large number of food items that they consume might surprise most people. You might guess that a substantial portion of their diet comprises hay- and you would not be wrong. Cows are fed a decent amount of soy.

Some things are obvious
The good old corn also remains one of the most viable food options for cows in today's era. However, apart from the evident stuff, as stated above, there is a lot more, which can be surprising to many. If you continue reading, you will get to know about some of the most unbelievable but straightforward stuff that dairy farmers, as well as ranchers, feed cows.

Sawdust to surprise you
Well, many cows in ranches across the US eat a substantial portion of sawdust. The fact is that it has a considerable amount of carbohydrates which can prove to be nutritious. At the same time, sawdust contains traces of lignin, which can have some adverse effects.

Digestion can be troublesome if sawdust does not get rid of lignin. So, the commercially made sawdust for cow feed does not have lignin. As a result, it is safe for cows to eat. Many manufacturers use nitric acid to get the job done.

Candy to ensure energy levels are high
Ranchers and dairy farmers feed a lot of corn to their cows to keep them healthy. Now, when the price of corn goes up, they may find it challenging to continue feeding cows with the required amount of corn. So, how do they solve the problem? Ranchers start giving considerable portions of gummy worms and hot chocolate mix, among other things to ensure that cows are high on energy. They put on weight and stay healthy for the dual purpose of beef and milk production.

Seafood byproducts for the protein
Cows need a decent amount of protein in their diet. So, if your ranch is located near the sea, then you may consider feeding your cows with stuff like crab guts. This practice is unbelievably common and useful. At the same time, you do not have to worry about the extra costs because you can get these products at a cheap rate. Chicken shit is another unusual food item for cows all over the US. It is practical from the dietary and economic point of view in equal measures.

Provide Balanced Diet To Your Cows

Taking care of your cattle is essential if you want them to give you all the things you need from your cows. If you run a dairy farm or a ranch, you must pay a lot of attention to the health as well as nutrition of your cows. The cattle will be able to produce high-quality milk only when they do not have any diseases. At the same time, they must be well nourished if you want to make sure that the quality of their beef is always up to the mark.

Accurate information is vital
You must get to know about all the essential food items which you must provide them. You can do an online search to find out all the relevant information in this regard. Getting in touch with an animal nutritionist will also be a prudent idea. Many ranchers believe that the minerals and vitamins which help humans stay in good health are also necessary for cows. However, this is not the truth. Cattle require a balanced diet, but the constituents of an ideal food for them are entirely different.

High-quality grass for cows
All cattle must eat a lot of green to stay healthy. The fact is that they will always remain at peak health if they get plenty of nutritious grass. However, the situation is a little more complicated than you may imagine. The levels of necessary nutrients do not remain consistent throughout the year. The need for optimum nutrition does not change. So, how can you make sure that the cows do not fall short on their needs?

The situation is always in your control
Well, you can get the job done by maintaining the nutrient content in the grass by artificial means. The fundamental fact is that if the grass gets a lot of water, then it will be greener. Dark green color implies that all the vital nutrients are present in it. In such a scenario, you can happily feed your cows with the belief that they are getting all the nutrition they need.

When it does not rain, grasses tend to become yellow. Excessive heat from the sun can also cause such a situation. So, as a dairy farm owner, you must take preventive as well as curative steps to combat this problem. Watering the greenery on your ranch will be one of the best ways to keep the nutrient levels up to the mark. Fertilizer use will also be helpful.

Know About Healthy Feed Suitable For Beef Cattle

There are several types of cattle that a farm owner raises for various purposes. Mainly they are raised for their milk and meat. It is essential to offer the right food feed for your cattle. This would help the cattle to grow healthy. This would help to earn a good profit for the farm owners. Feeding the cattle is more than art, and it is also science that you should be educated on it. Beef cattle are raised mainly for its meat. Several types of research are being conducted to know about the right cattle feed for your beef cattle.

The following are some of the healthy feed that you must provide for your beef cattle.

Grain-Powerhouse of Energy
Grains are the valuable cattle feed, which helps them grow quick. To make your beef cattle fat include a lot of grains in the regular diet of your cattle. This makes the animals ready soon for meat in the market. Some of the common grains offered to cattle are wheat, barley, etc. You can also try offering grain supplements during winter as the pastures would lack certain nutrients. Do not make your cattle too much reliant on grain supplements as it is not suitable for their health.

Hay-Rich In Nutrients
Hay is a common cattle feed is fed to beef cattle as it is a storehouse various nutrients. It is packed with the goodness of the essential nutrients which is required for the growth of cattle. Make sure that you store the hay in the right way so that it does not get spoiled. This would also make it possible to offer the hay cattle feed to beef cattle throughout the year.You must know about the various types of hay which contain various nutrients. Certain type of hay contains calcium, phosphorus, and specific types of hay contain protein. Thus you can offer a mix of various types of hay for your cattle. Alfala hay and legume lay are the various types of hays provided to livestock. Legume hay is rich in proteins.

Pasture –Cost-effective Feed
Allowing your beef cattle to graze in pastures or forage can help them to get the right nutrients for their growth. It is a cost-effective option of cattle feed. Make sure that the pasture is grown in fertile soil so that the pasture contains the required nutrients.

Concentrate-Rich In Carbohydrates
When you're affordable to spend on high quality and nutritious cattle feed, then you can offer concentrate on your cattle. Oats, wheat bran, barley, sorghum are the concentrates that are used for cattle feed. It is an excellent nutritional supplement.