Provide Balanced Diet To Your Cows

Taking care of your cattle is essential if you want them to give you all the things you need from your cows. If you run a dairy farm or a ranch, you must pay a lot of attention to the health as well as nutrition of your cows. The cattle will be able to produce high-quality milk only when they do not have any diseases. At the same time, they must be well nourished if you want to make sure that the quality of their beef is always up to the mark.

Accurate information is vital
You must get to know about all the essential food items which you must provide them. You can do an online search to find out all the relevant information in this regard. Getting in touch with an animal nutritionist will also be a prudent idea. Many ranchers believe that the minerals and vitamins which help humans stay in good health are also necessary for cows. However, this is not the truth. Cattle require a balanced diet, but the constituents of an ideal food for them are entirely different.

High-quality grass for cows
All cattle must eat a lot of green to stay healthy. The fact is that they will always remain at peak health if they get plenty of nutritious grass. However, the situation is a little more complicated than you may imagine. The levels of necessary nutrients do not remain consistent throughout the year. The need for optimum nutrition does not change. So, how can you make sure that the cows do not fall short on their needs?

The situation is always in your control
Well, you can get the job done by maintaining the nutrient content in the grass by artificial means. The fundamental fact is that if the grass gets a lot of water, then it will be greener. Dark green color implies that all the vital nutrients are present in it. In such a scenario, you can happily feed your cows with the belief that they are getting all the nutrition they need.

When it does not rain, grasses tend to become yellow. Excessive heat from the sun can also cause such a situation. So, as a dairy farm owner, you must take preventive as well as curative steps to combat this problem. Watering the greenery on your ranch will be one of the best ways to keep the nutrient levels up to the mark. Fertilizer use will also be helpful.


Know About Healthy Feed Suitable For Beef Cattle

There are several types of cattle that a farm owner raises for various purposes. Mainly they are raised for their milk and meat. It is essential to offer the right food feed for your cattle. This would help the cattle to grow healthy. This would help to earn a good profit for the farm owners. Feeding the cattle is more than art, and it is also science that you should be educated on it. Beef cattle are raised mainly for its meat. Several types of research are being conducted to know about the right cattle feed for your beef cattle.

The following are some of the healthy feed that you must provide for your beef cattle.

Grain-Powerhouse of Energy
Grains are the valuable cattle feed, which helps them grow quick. To make your beef cattle fat include a lot of grains in the regular diet of your cattle. This makes the animals ready soon for meat in the market. Some of the common grains offered to cattle are wheat, barley, etc. You can also try offering grain supplements during winter as the pastures would lack certain nutrients. Do not make your cattle too much reliant on grain supplements as it is not suitable for their health.

Hay-Rich In Nutrients
Hay is a common cattle feed is fed to beef cattle as it is a storehouse various nutrients. It is packed with the goodness of the essential nutrients which is required for the growth of cattle. Make sure that you store the hay in the right way so that it does not get spoiled. This would also make it possible to offer the hay cattle feed to beef cattle throughout the year.You must know about the various types of hay which contain various nutrients. Certain type of hay contains calcium, phosphorus, and specific types of hay contain protein. Thus you can offer a mix of various types of hay for your cattle. Alfala hay and legume lay are the various types of hays provided to livestock. Legume hay is rich in proteins.

Pasture –Cost-effective Feed
Allowing your beef cattle to graze in pastures or forage can help them to get the right nutrients for their growth. It is a cost-effective option of cattle feed. Make sure that the pasture is grown in fertile soil so that the pasture contains the required nutrients.

Concentrate-Rich In Carbohydrates
When you're affordable to spend on high quality and nutritious cattle feed, then you can offer concentrate on your cattle. Oats, wheat bran, barley, sorghum are the concentrates that are used for cattle feed. It is an excellent nutritional supplement.


A Perfect Guide For Feeding Your Cattle

It is not easy to raise cattle by offering them the right feeds. It is essential that farm owners know about the type of feed available for their cattle. Explicit knowledge about the various cattle feed and the quantity to be offered is required. The following guide would provide useful tips on feeding your cattle in the right way.

Know the Quantity Of Feed
When you wish to feed your cattle, you must know about the exact quantity of feed required for your cattle. The quantity varies based on the breed and type of the cattle you raise in your farm. Certain breeds require carbohydrates, and some may require vitamin for their growth. Offer food based on the environmental condition where your cattle live. You have to increase the amount of feed for pregnant and nursing cattle.

Understand the Weight Gain
You must be aware of the average daily weight gain. This would help to fix a particular target for the growth of your cattle. The knowledge about weight gain would help to feed your cattle with the right quantity of feed.

Choose High-Quality Food
It is highly recommended that you choose cattle feed that is of high quality. Check the quality and the nutrients of the cattle feed before you offer it to your cattle.

Seek Professional Advice
It is always good to seek professional advice when choosing the right feed for your cattle. A veterinarian would suggest the right type of feed for your cattle based on the health condition of your cattle.

Assess Your Cattle
You must know about the productivity status of your cattle. This would help to decide on the right type and quantity of cattle feed. Know about the breed and type of your cattle that you’rerising.

Understand The Cattle’s Reproductive Ability
Closely track the reproductive phase of your cattle. You must know about the gestation and lactation period of your cattle. Clear knowledge about the reproductive ability would help to reduce or decrease the amount of feed for your cattle.

Assess Feed Quality
When purchasing feed for your quality, make sure that you assess its quality. You can know about the quality of the feed by just smelling it. Test your cattle feed and check for its nutrients.

Storing The Feed
Make sure that you store the feed in appropriate containers. You must store the cattle feeds in containers that are used for storing feeds. This would help to increase the lifetime of the cattle feed. Make your own feed holders so that you can place the cattle feed containers on it.

The above guide for feeding the cattle would help farm owners to feed the cattle the right way.

Read More: Know The Common Feeds For Dairy Cows

Know The Common Feeds For Dairy Cows

Livestock like goat, cow, are raised for the milk which is consumed by humans. Dairy cows are mainly raised for their milk. It is important that the milk from the dairy cow should be nutritious. Thus farm owners offer the right mix of feeds for the cattle. The farm owners mainly grow most of the feeds for the dairy cows. Nutritionists suggest offering some of the essential feeds for the dairy cows so that they produce a large quantity of milk, which is nutritious.

The following are the conventional feeds for dairy cows.

Grass:
Grass is an important feed that offers energy to the dairy cow. Lots of energy is required for the dairy cow for the supply of nutritious milk. Farmers find it easy to grow grass and corn as the local temperature is ideal for the growth of grass. Thus the grass offered to dairy cows is nutritious and offered the required energy to the dairy cows. Grasses are available throughout the year as they can be stored wet and dry. Thus you can feed the cow with grass all year round.

Farm owners can feed both dry feed and wet feed with the help of grass grown in their local farms. Dry feed are the dried out grass which is cut into hay bales and offered to dairy cows. Wet feed is a mixture of dry hay and fermented barley or oats.  The right dry feed mixture is chosen based on the type of dairy cow you raise. Nutritionist and Vet recommend the perfect dry feed mixture for your cattle.

Grains:
Dairy cows require carbohydrates for their growth. Grains are rich in carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins which help to increase the milk supply of dairy cows. This particular dairy cow feed makes your livestock healthy and strong.

Salt:
Salt, which is an important electrolyte contains some of the essential nutrients like calcium, vitamin D. These are required to improve the blood flow and aids in digestion.

A Perfect Mix Of Feeds:
Dairy cows are picky eaters, and thus, it is essential to offer the cattle the perfect mix of feeds.  Offer the feed which is favorite for the cattle. Therefore it is always good to provide a mixture of dry and wet pastures which contains the required minerals and vitamins.

The above information on dairy cows would help to grow your cattle healthy and increase milk production.

Read More : What Do They Feed The Beef Cattle?

What Do They Feed The Beef Cattle?

Various types of livestock are raised in farms for various purposes. Goats, sheep, cows, hen, etc. are preserved for their meat and other purposes.  Beef cattle are livestock which is mainly raised in farms for its meat. Beef cattle are known for their tasty meat. Farm owner feeds the beef cattle with various feeds so that they grow well. Providing highly nutritious feeds would help to get more meat from the cattle. The livestock feeds are called feedstuffs. The following are some of the feedstuffs offered to beef cattle livestock in the majority of farms.

Roughages
This is the most common feedstuff for beef cattle. It is coarse in texture, and it is difficult to digest for the cattle. This is an ingredient which serves as bulk to the diet. This is the main food that improves the bowel movement of beef cattle. Roughages are the main ingredient which maintains the health of beef cattle. Some of the roughage feed are hay, grass, silage, etc. Silage is a type of crop which is stored in moist conditions, and it is partially fermented and placed in a tight container. This type of feedstuff is mostly fed to beef cattle livestock. It is used as filler in the diet of the cattle. It is rich in fiber, and thus, it is good for the health of the livestock.

Grains
This is the main feedstuff that offers energy to your beef cattle. It is low in fiber compared to that of roughages. Various types of grains are fed to beef cattle. Some of the essential grains mostly fed by farm owners to livestock are corn, barley, milo, oats, etc. It is enough that you include a limited quantity of grain in the diet of cattle. This is because a small number of grains can offer greater energy to your beef cattle. It is a primary foodstuff which helps to increase the weight of the cattle.

Oilseeds
It is an important feedstuff for your cattle, and it contains proteins and fiber in it. It offers energy and improves the health of the cattle.

Co-products
Various leftover ingredients used by human are called as a co-product which is used as feed for livestock. Some of the leftover foodstuff used as cattle feeds are bakery waste, sweet corn waste, grains, etc. These are mainly used as fillers in the diet of livestock.
The above are some of the main feeds offered to beef cattle.

Read More : Getting Your Dairy Farm Milk Production Business Off The Ground

Getting Your Dairy Farm Milk Production Business Off The Ground



Starting a dairy farm requires research, considerable investment, and compliance with regulations. It signifies that initiating the process can’t be done light-heartedly. When done the right way, a milk or milk product business has the potential to be hugely successful because milk never goes out of demand. Moreover, as the world grows conscious of fitness and health, dairy products have become a key ingredient of every meal.

Steps To Begin A Dairy Farm Business

  •    How to start planning a milk business?
A dairy is similar to any other business. It requires research before setup and a precise business plan. The business plan will be mandatory for:
o    Getting loans from investors
o    Give you an understanding of what needs to be done
The plan should encompass every small and substantial element of the business and should span a period of three years. Some of the factors that can be included are:

o    What is the capital requirement of the dairy farm?
o    What is the size of land needed? For example, a shelter for 100 cows will be different from the one with 200.
o    Is there a need for an Artificial Insemination centre?
o    Finding a suitable veterinarian.
o    How to find the finances to buy cows?
o    How much labour will be required?
The business plan must also include aspects such as fodder for the cattle, milk extracting machinery, manure control facilities, plumbing equipment, and pasteurizing department.
  •    Getting an FSSAI License for milk business
The one crucial part of a business plan for a milk company is the FSSAI license. A dairy which has a license proves to its consumers that the milk and milk products they produce and sell are:
o    Wholesome
o    Superior quality
o    Safe for consumption by humans as set by industry standards.

Under the Food Safety and Standards Act comes the Milk and Milk Products Regulations. These regulations are specified rules and regulations that every milk business has to follow. It is compulsory for companies that deal with milk to get this FSSAI license if the turnover is over 12 lakhs in one financial year. For those under this turnover, only an FSSAI registration is necessary.

How does the FSSAI License help the milk business?

The new law mentions the microbial standards that need to be complied with while producing milk and milk products. When a dairy follows the process of hygiene and food safety criteria, they keep all food safety risks at a minimum. It means that customers trust the business to sell only top-notch milk and its products.
The easiest method of getting an FSSAI License for milk products is finding help from experts. They have the know-how on what it takes to expedite the process and can guide you on the same. Make the smart decision, rope in professionals and get an FSSAI permit for your dairy farm!